The "Gossypium Herbaceum Seed Extract", more commonly known as "cotton seed extract", is rich in moisturising and softening compounds. Let's focus on this plant-based active ingredient.
What is "Gossypium Herbaceum (Cotton) Seed Extract" and what is its utility?
Cotton, in a nutshell.
Cotton is the plant fibre that encloses the seeds of the cotton plant, a shrub belonging to the Malvaceae family. This fibre is composed of cellulose, which is subsequently transformed into thread to create fabric. The cotton plant is primarily cultivated in arid tropical and/or subtropical regions. It can reach up to 10 metres in height if its exposure to sunlight is optimal.
There are several species and varieties of cotton:
TheGossypium arboreumand theGossypium herbaceum, the most common species with short fibres used in cosmetics;
TheGossypium barbadense, a variety originally from Peru but introduced in Egypt and cultivated worldwide. It is valued for the length and quality of its fibres;
TheGossypium hirsutumwhich traces its origins back to South America.
In cosmetics, cotton is used in three main forms: vegetable oil (Gossypium Herbaceum Seed Oil), thecellular extract or native plant cells (Gossypium Arboreum Leaf Cell Extract), and the plant extract (Gossypium Herbaceum (Cotton) Seed Extract) which is the subject of this article.
What is plant extract of cotton?
The extract of the seed of the cotton plant is obtained by soaking the seeds in water and glycerine followed by a microwave extraction, a filtration, an adjustment of the pH with a solution of potassium sorbate (potassium salt of sorbic acid) and finally a filtration.
Of a deep yellow colour, cotton seed extract is an ingredient rich in active compounds, primarily fatty acids and flavonoids. It also contains glycosides, steroids, saponins, resins, carbohydrates, proteins and phenolic compounds as well as tannins. This plant-based ingredient is water-soluble, or soluble in water.
Suitable for all skin types, the plant extract of cotton is primarily recognised for its softening, soothing, supple-making, and regenerative properties.
What are the cosmetic properties of "Gossypium Herbaceum Seed Extract"?
The extract of cottonseed is as beneficial for the skin as it is for the hair.
It penetrates and acts swiftly within the epidermal tissue due to its high concentration of omega-6. It draws water into the epidermal tissue and strengthens the hydrolipidic barrier to prevent dehydration. Consequently, the skin becomes softer, more toned, and regains its radiance. By reinforcing the hydrolipidic film, it compensates for the function of ceramides. Ceramides are lipids secreted by the body, whose role is to protect the epidermal tissue against toxins. Under the effects of ageing and sun exposure, their function diminishes, thus necessitating an external supply.
By counteracting inflammation, cotton seed extract restructures the skin and scalp, soothing itchiness and irritation. Furthermore, it regulates the production of sebum, thereby inhibiting the proliferation of dandruff on the scalp. It also acts as a hair conditioner, helping to manage hair.
In which skincare products can one find "Gossypium Herbaceum Seed Extract"?
Thanks to its numerous properties, "Gossypium Herbaceum Seed Extract" is present in approximately 0.12% of skin and hair care products. It is used in certain moisturising and cleansing treatments such as moisturising cream, wipes, shower gels and shampoos. Its protective properties for the scalp mean that it is found in certain hair formulas such as shampoos or even scalp serums.
We have developed a scalp treatment soothing with bisabolol andcotton extract. It has been formulated to hydrate and soothe feelings of scalp discomfort. In the form of an emulsion, this care penetrates without leaving a greasy film. It is applied to the dry scalp and does not require rinsing. This serum is recommended for sensitive and irritated scalps. It is also suitable for people prone to dry dandruff.
ARSHIYA S. & al. Gossypium herbaceum Linn: An ethnopharmacological review. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Scientific Innovation (2012).