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Peeling: How much should you apply?

Peeling: How much should you apply?

Peeling is a procedure that gently exfoliates the upper layer of your epidermis. In this regard, it possesses certain virtues that help combat signs of skin ageing, but also corrects certain skin imperfections (comedones, spots, enlarged pores, pigmentation spots, etc...). Here are the details on the sufficient amount of product to use when applying it at home.

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What is peeling?

Peeling is a cosmetic procedure during which one or more ablative chemical agents (salicylic acid, glycolic acid, phenol, T.C.A., lactic acid, etc...) are applied to the skin's surface to induce keratolysis of a part or the entire epidermis, with or without the dermis. The exfoliation is followed by a regeneration and remodelling of the skin. Chemical peeling can be used to treat various skin conditions, such as acne, seborrhoea, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, acne scars and photoaging. There are three different levels of chemical peeling, which are classified by their depth of skin penetration: superficial/mild, medium and deep peels. Factors affecting the depth of the peel, and therefore the degree of its effects, include the concentration of the chemical substance used, their molecular weight, the number of layers applied, the application time, as well as the patient's skin condition and sensitivity.

A superficial/gentle peel easily removes the horny layer of the epidermis, leading to an acceleration of the cell cycle. At a concentration of 10 to 35%, it is primarily used to deeply cleanse the skin pores, brighten the complexion, improve skin texture and pigment unevenness, combat comedones, revitalise the skin and stimulate blood microcirculation. The medium peel mainly treats pigment disorders, acne and superficial scars, and reduces fine lines at a concentration between 35 and 50%. Faced with these high concentrations, the peel should be performed by specialised and qualified doctors and, in addition, particular precautions must be taken. On the other hand, photoaging of the skin and deep scars or wrinkles require a deep peel at a concentration above 50%. Indeed, following the inflammatory reaction, an increase in the synthesis of fibroblasts and the production of new collagen and elastin fibres is induced.

Peeling: How much should you apply?

The gentle fruit acid peels offered by Typology are limited to a concentration of 10%. To achieve the desired results, it is important to prepare the epidermis beforehand, and then maintain it afterwards. Indeed, these treatments should be applied just after makeup removal. Start by thoroughly cleansing your skin with a makeup remover and then a gentle facial cleanser. Then apply the product with your fingers over your entire face, avoiding the eye contour. To do this, a few drops of product are sufficient, equivalent to the size of a small pea. There is no need to rinse afterwards. Finish your beauty routine with a face moisturising cream or a night serum. These gentle peels, one with glycolic acid and the other with lactic acid, can be incorporated into your skincare ritual every evening. However, during this period, adopt a sun protection in the morning to avoid the risk of pigmentation.

Indeed, these peeling serums have been designed to be applied in the evening only and are suitable for all skin types and tones (from light to dark). They work overnight to reveal a radiant face upon waking. In fact, the peeling weakens the cohesion between the corneocytes (dead cells of the horny layer), causing their detachment and promoting cell renewal. This will brighten a dull complexion, rebalance sebum production, smooth out irregularities, unclog enlarged pores, reduce the formation of comedones, and prevent skin ageing to achieve smooth, energised, and clear skin.

Sources:

GRAJGEVCI-KOTORI M. & KOCINAJ A. Exfoliative skin-peeling, benefits from this procedure and our experience. Medical Archives. 2015 ; 69(6):414 - 416.

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