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Réflexes avant, pendant et après une exposition solaire.

What To Do Before, During and After a Stay in the Sun?

With the warmer days, we spend more time outdoors and expose ourselves to the sun more often. However, sun exposure can cause a number of problems, from a simple sunburn to skin cancer. Given this, it's important to adopt the right behaviors. Here are our tips on how to best enjoy the sun without putting your skin at risk.

Summary
Published February 29, 2024, by Pauline, Head of Scientific Communication — 12 min read

What Measures Should You Adopt Before Sunbathing?

Preparing your skin well will help you take advantage of all the opportunities to get an even and long-lasting tan. Here are some simple steps you can take to prepare it for the sun.

  • Hydrate your skin

    When skin is dehydrated, meaning its hydrolipidic film is weakened, its protection from the sun's UV rays is diminished. The hydrolipid film normally acts like a protective barrier on the surface of the skin. To prevent the skin from taking on a sun-reddened color instead of a beautiful brown glow, choose a moisturizer and apply it daily, morning and night. Enriched with hygroscopic and film-forming active ingredients, this care has a protective effect and helps strengthen the hydrolipidic film.

    What are the essentials? To provide your skin with the necessary portion of moisture, our face cream with 9 ingredients and our moisturizing body cream with 10 ingredients can be the perfect care. With their lightweight, non-greasy texture and minimalist formula, they help keep your skin hydrated and nourished.

  • Use an exfoliating scrub

    To remove dead skin cells that accumulate on the skin's surface and dull your complexion, a gentle exfoliation is recommended. It also ensures smooth, even skin that is ready to tan evenly. This is something you should do three days before you go out in the sun. It will make your skin more even, which will make it easier to tan evenly later. However, it is not recommended to exfoliate the skin the day before sunbathing, as this can weaken the skin and promote sunburn.

    What are the essentials? Our nourishing body scrub is 100% natural in origin and gently removes accumulated dead skin cells. Thanks to the sweet almond oil it contains (INCI: Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis Oil), the epidermis is also nourished, supple and soft. Although it is suitable for all skin types, it is especially suitable for dry and uncomfortable skin. For the face, our Exfoliating Gel Mask, which consists of an exfoliating complex (4 AHA + 1 PHA), works to unify the complexion, refine skin texture and remove dead skin cells.

  • Consume foods that promote tanning

    Favor foods that contain beta-carotene, such as carrots, pumpkins, mangos, and peaches. This compound, a precursor of vitamin A, helps you get a better tan by stimulating melanin production and providing better protection from the sun. In fact, as an antioxidant, it reduces the damage caused by free radicals.

    Do not hesitate to also rely on copper, which is mainly found in almonds and walnuts. This trace element is a co-factor of tyrosinase, the key enzyme in melanogenesis. For a glowing, tanned complexion, it is also recommended to supplement with tyrosine, a precursor of melanin, to optimize tanning.

    In addition to conventional foods, these various nutrients are also found in dietary supplements. Incidentally, these have the advantage of having a higher concentration of ingredients than natural foods, which often increases their effectiveness.

  • Use a tan-enhancing skin care product

    Tanning enhancers are usually applied two weeks before sun exposure to prepare for melanin synthesis. These products usually contain beta-carotene or peptides to stimulate melanogenesis. Most tanning enhancers also contain antioxidant molecules such as vitamin E or polyphenols to protect the skin from the damaging effects of free radicals produced by UV radiation.

  • Protect yourself with a broad spectrum sunscreen

    Applying sunscreen creates a protective shield against UV rays responsible for accelerated skin aging (dryness, loss of elasticity, wrinkling and brown spots, loss of radiance...), sunburn and skin cancer. Contrary to popular belief, sun care is not a barrier to tanning. On the contrary, the skin cannot have a beautiful, long-lasting tan if it is not protected. Moreover, when applying your sunscreen, you should not hesitate to apply a thick layer. Too little amount of the cream would not provide the maximum protection that it can provide according to the SPF indicated.

    The SPF can also serve you as an indicator when choosing your sunscreen. For example, if you plan to be in the mountains or at the beach, where the sun's UV rays are most intense due to altitude and reflection from sand or snow, we recommend using an SPF of 50 or higher. Some sunscreens are also based on skin type. For example, today there are matting sunscreens for oily skin and moisturizing sunscreens that are more suitable for dry skin.

    Finally, applying sunscreen is essential for everyone, including darker skin types. It is often assumed that people with darker skin tones are not affected by UV rays. Even though they naturally have better protection from the sun, they may as well get sunburn or other serious skin conditions.

    What helps? Typology offers a full range of sunscreens for body and face, from SPF 30 to 50. These creams prevent photoaging and preserve skin moisture thanks to a combination of mineral and organic filters that provide broad-spectrum protection from UVA/UVB rays.

The Appropriate Steps To Adopt During Sunbathing

As a reminder, UVA rays from the sun reach the dermis and are responsible for photoaging the skin. UVB rays enter less deeply, but can cause sunburn.

  • Expose yourself to the sun gradually and avoid the hours when the sun's UV rays are most intense, which is between 12pm and 4pm.

  • Repeat your sun care application every two hours, after each swim or when you sweat heavily.

  • It is good to know that clouds, umbrellas, and windows let through about 80% of UV rays. Therefore, don't forget to use your sunscreen even if the sky is clouded.

  • Protect yourself with covering clothing, a hat and sunglasses, even after you've applied your sunscreen.

  • Drink water regularly to avoid sun-induced dehydration of the skin. This also reduces the risk of headaches and sunstroke, which can occur if you stay in the sun for a long time.

What To Do After Sunbathing?

After spending time in the sun, the skin is more sensitive and needs special attention and care.

  • A long shower

    This gesture may seem trivial, but showering after sunbathing is highly recommended. A shower not only removes sand and salt residue on your skin when you return from the beach, but it also removes all the sunscreen filters left on your body.

  • Refreshing and soothing the skin from heat sensations

    It's not uncommon for your skin to feel a slight warm sensation after sunbathing. This may be simple irritation and does not have to be a sunburn. In any case, it is good to soothe and re-smooth the skin after sunbathing. To do this, you can apply an after-sun care to your skin after showering. This type of care provides the skin with soothing active ingredients such as aloe vera and nourishing active ingredients such as shea butter or avocado oil.

  • Provide your skin with intensive moisture

    After spending time in the sun, your epidermis may be weakened and dehydrated. To restore the hydrolipidic film on the skin's surface and compensate for water loss, continue to apply your regular moisturizer, paying special attention to the areas that have been most exposed to the sun. Creams contain humectants that bind the water in the skin, and sometimes emollients that make the skin supple.

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