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What is "Pelargonium Graveolens Flower Water" and what is its utility?

What is "Pelargonium Graveolens Flower Water" and what is its utility?

This is therose geranium hydrosol. This is valued in cosmetics for its toning and astringent action, as well as its regenerative properties on the skin. Find here the information you need to know about this compound.

A few words about Pelargonium graveolens.

The Pelargonium graveolens is a shrub belonging to the family of Geraniaceae. The name of this plant is derived from the Greek pelargós (πελαργός), which means stork, as the shape of the fruit resembles the beak of this bird. Originally from Southern Africa, it was imported into Europe at the end of the 16th century. Due to its fragrant and aesthetic flowers, it became very popular in the gardens of French chateaus. Numerous hybridisations were carried out, giving birth to an exceptional variety of species: over 600 species are recorded today worldwide.

The rose geranium, also known as bourbon geranium because it originates from Reunion, is a hybrid species resulting from the reproduction between P. capitatum x P. graveolens and P. capitatum x P. radens. This type of geranium is primarily cultivated for its rose-like scent; it is widely used in perfumery.

An overview of rose geranium hydrosol.

"Pelargonium Graveolens Flower Water" is the name I.N.C.I. used to refer to the floral water or hydrosol of rose geranium.

This substance is obtained bysteam distillation of the leaves and stems of the plant. Distillation allows for the extraction of two distinct fractions: theessential oiland thehydrosol. To do this, the plant is heated in a still filled with water for several hours. The steam is then cooled in a condenser and collected in liquid form. The essential oil, less dense than the water used for extraction, floats on the surface, which is nothing but the hydrosol. Derived from the same plant, the two fractions have similar properties, but the hydrosol is less concentrated in active species because the aromatic essences are present in smaller quantities. Therefore, it can be used without contraindications by children and pregnant women, unlike the essential oil.

In terms of its chemical composition, rose geranium hydrosol is rich in citronellol, geraniol and to a lesser extent, linalool. It is a clear, mobile liquid, colourless with a fresh rose scent.

The cosmetic benefits of rose geranium hydrosol.

When applied topically, rose geranium hydrosol possesses propertiessoothing,regeneratingandpurifying.

Firstly, it is recommended for oily skin that presents with blemishes. Thanks to its astringentaction, it tightens the pores and regulates sebum production. Moreover, studies have demonstrated its effectiveness in reducing imperfections and acne flare-ups. This hydrosol accelerates the healing process and thus reduces the appearance of marks caused by post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Next,rose geranium hydrosol is an excellentskin tonic. It prevents skin sagging, which helps to reduce wrinkles. In this regard, it is recommended for reviving dull complexions and bringing radiance to the skin.

Finally, its softening properties make it an excellent ally for sensitive skin prone to discomfort and/or itching. It is therefore recommended for topical application to soothe sunburn as well as post-hair removal irritations.

Note : This hydrosol also provides a fresh and floral fragrance to cosmetic formulas and can be incorporated into a treatment to mask the scent of another compound.

In which skincare products can one find rose geranium hydrosol?

Rose geranium hydrosol is typically recommended for sensitive and/or oily skin with blemishes. It is therefore included in the composition of many facial care products such as purifying mists, cleansing gels, micellar waters... In body care, it is sometimes found in certain after-sun lotions due to its soothing properties, as well as in deodorants.

This substance is gentle and well-tolerated by all skin types. Rose geranium hydrosol has no contraindications and can be used by pregnant and/or breastfeeding women as well as young children.

Typology has developed a botanical toning mist based onrose geranium hydrosol, beech bud extract and Italian helichrysum essential oil. This is aportable treatment that can be applied at any time of the day. It stimulates the synthesis of collagen, for firmer and more elastic skin.


  • RAMEZANLOO FERESHTEH & al. An overview on phytopharmacology of Pelargonium graveolens L. (2015).


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