Given that lips naturally lack a hydrolipidic film, they can easily become dry. Cold weather, UV rays, and wind are all factors that can harm this part of the face. To improve hydration and prevent chapping, the use of a lip balm is necessary. Typology sheds light on the ingredients that make up this care product.
The ingredients found in a traditional lip balm
The skin of the lips, being directly exposed to external aggressions, requires additional protection. This is where lip balm comes into play. This product provides a protective and nourishing function for the lips. It also serves to repair damaged or chapped skin thanks to the fatty acids present in its formula. Lip balm also contains a quantity of waxes that ensure its solid texture (it does not liquefy in the sun), but melts on the lips. The problem is that most basic formulas are composed of waxes derived from petrochemicals like paraffin. Also known as paraffinum liquidum or paraffin oil, this mineral oil acts as an emollient by softening the skin. In addition, it hydrates and keeps the lips smooth. Paraffin is also an occlusive ingredient. As such, it forms a barrier between the environment and the skin. Indeed, it limits dehydration and protects the lips from the attack of infectious molecules. However, paraffin also prevents the skin from breathing, thus the elimination of toxins. The lips are momentarily relieved and softened, but remain assaulted by the waste they are trying to evacuate. They become dependent on the balm with paraffinum liquidum.
Some industrial balms also contain:
Potentially allergenic ingredients (perfume or essential oils);
Water that makes the texture of the balm crumbly.
Lip Balm: The active ingredients to prioritise.
For protected and repaired lips, without the risk of dependency, it is better to choose a balm primarily composed of butters or vegetable oils. Here are the ingredients to favour in order to benefit from their numerous properties:
An emollient and moisturising agent to protect the lips from dehydration while restoring their suppleness. Shea butter, honey, and jojoba oil are among its components.
A restorative agent allows the balm to contribute to intercellular reconstitution and to heal chapped skin. This refers to vegetable oils (sunflower seed, argan, macadamia or sesame). They help to achieve plumped and nourished lips.
Vitamin E for its antioxidant action. It also prevents vegetable oils from going rancid.
Finally, if your lips are prone to chapping or dryness, it is advisable to choose a balm enriched with soothing and healing ingredients such as Bisabolol, aloe vera or calendula.