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Nettle for oily hair?

Nettle is a natural ingredient frequently used in the formulation of hair care products. It is particularly incorporated into shampoos or masks targeting oily scalps. But what is the actual effectiveness of this ingredient? Can nettle help combat greasy hair? Learn more in this article.

Summary
Published February 8, 2024, by Pauline, Head of Scientific Communication — 4 min read

Oily Hair: What are the Causes?

Oily hair can alter the appearance of a head of hair, making it heavy and unattractive. The rapid greasing of hair is due to an excessive sebum synthesis by the sebaceous glands. While this is essential for the protection and hydration of the scalp and hair fibres, overproduction can also have negative consequences. Hyperseborrhoea can particularly promote the appearance of dandruff , which are small dead cells of white to yellow colour. Dandruff is indeed commonly associated with the colonisation of the scalp by the fungus Malassezia, which feeds on the triglycerides present in the sebum. In doing so, they contribute to the release of prostaglandins, inflammatory mediators responsible for sensations of discomfort and itching. There are several factors responsible for oily hair:

  • A hormonal origin.

    Hyperserborrhea is often due to a high production of androgen hormones. The main androgen in men is testosterone, and in women, it is Δ-4-androstenedione and dehydroepiandrosterone. Within the sebocyte, these androgens are transformed by various enzymes into testosterone. This latter then reacts under the action of an enzyme, the 5-α-reductase, to transform into dihydrotestosterone which stimulates the activity of the sebaceous glands. Therefore, individuals whose 5-α-reductase is highly active are more prone to having oily hair.

  • The role of external aggressions.

    The proliferation of external aggressions also contributes to making the hair oily. Pollution, UV rays, unsuitable hair products... All these factors lead to an over-stimulation of the sebaceous glands and the production of an excess of sebum to protect the scalp.

  • Nutrition.

    There is also a link between diet and oily hair. Indeed, frequent consumption of high glycemic index foods, such as white bread, chips or certain biscuits, generates a spike in insulin in the blood. This increase in insulin levels also causes an increase in androgen levels, and therefore indirectly an excessive secretion of sebum.

Nettle for purifying an oily scalp?

The nettle is a perennial herbaceous plant characterised by its serrated leaves and stems covered in stinging hairs. Despite this feature, thenettle has numerous beneficial properties for skin and hair applications. It is particularly known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, and also purifying effects. Therefore, nettle is a plant often found in cosmetic treatments aimed at individuals with oily skin or hair.

This natural ingredient indeed helps to regulate sebum production due to its ability to inhibit 5-α-reductase, the enzyme mentioned above that catalyses the conversion of testosterone into dihydroxytestosterone (DHT). When DHT binds to a specific cytosolic receptor located in the sebaceous glands, it triggers an increase in the activity of the sebaceous glands, and therefore an intensification of sebum synthesis. By inhibiting this process, nettle thus helps to combat oily hair. Regular use of a nettle-based hair care product can assist individuals whose hair quickly becomes greasy in controlling sebum production at their scalp level and allow them tospace out their shampoos.

Sources

  • BEYLOT G. Les cheveux gras. Actualités pharmaceutiques (2013).

  • SEMALTY A. & al. A comprehensive review on phytochemistry and pharmacological effects of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica). Current Traditional Medicine (2017).

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