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Apaiser coups de soleil.

How to soothe a sunburn?

Sunburn, which is a type of burn, leads to unfortunate consequences for the skin: redness, itching, and pain. When the burn is severe, blisters may appear along with general symptoms such as fever or headaches. Various solutions exist to soothe a sunburn. Discover them in our article.

Summary
Published February 6, 2024, by Sandrine, Head of Scientific Communication — 5 min read

Sunburn, an inflammatory response of the skin.

UVB radiation, which penetrates the dermis to a limited extent, is responsible for tanning and sunburn, also known as actinic erythema. At the skin level, a sunburn manifests as a burn causing redness, pain with itching (pruritus) and the possible appearance of blisters (phlyctenes). This reaction appears 8 to 24 hours after exposure. There are several levels of burn following exposure to the sun. The healing time of a sunburn will depend on the severity of the burn.

It is important to note that sunburn can occur without direct exposure to the sun. Indeed, UVB rays are present regardless of the weather and they are reflected by water, sand, and snow.

Sunburns increase the risk ofpremature skin ageingand of developing skin cancers, particularly melanomas, due to UVA and UVB rays which are genotoxic (the ability of radiation to compromise the physical or functional integrity of the genome). There are various measures to adopt in order to soothe the pain caused by a sunburn.

The correct actions to take after a sunburn.

  • Firstly, it is necessary to cool the burn in order to alleviate the pain and prevent it from spreading further. If you do not exhibit any fever or chills, take a cool shower or bath for 15 minutes. If the affected area is small, you can apply damp compresses for 15 to 30 minutes.

  • Then apply a moisturising cream or gel. Ourmoisturising gel soothes the skin and deeply hydrates it thanks to the aloe vera gel and bisabolol. Its cooling effect is ideal for calming the skin after sun exposure and thus preventing itching. It also contains orange blossom flower water, which is a powerful antioxidant. It will help protect the skin and promote its regeneration.

  • Avoid any further prolonged and repeated exposure to the sun's rays during your healing period.

  • Apply a sunscreen suitable for your skin type daily, even in the absence of sunlight! Our SPF30 face sunscreen provides broad-spectrum UVA/UVB protection, while moisturising and soothing your skin thanks to thealoe vera andhyaluronic acid.

  • Wear covering clothing in order to protect the affected area.

  • Rehydrate your body. Indeed, drinking water proves to be crucial in the event of sunburn. Hydration contributes to faster healing. Therefore, it is essential to drink more than usual (at least 2 litres).

  • Let the regeneration take its course. After a sunburn, the skin will naturally regenerate. Therefore, avoid popping blisters (risk of infection) or scratching peeling skin to remove it.

Sources:

  • BERTHELEMY S. Conseil à un patient se plaignant d'un coup de soleil. Actualités Pharmaceutiques (2013).

  • YUENG H. & al. Sunburn frequency and risk and protective factors : a cross-sectional survey. Dermatology Online Journal (2021).

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