The vegetable oil of hibiscus is a natural ingredient rich in active compounds, particularly fatty acids and antioxidants. Its biochemical composition is the source of its multiple virtues. Discover here which active molecules are present in hibiscus oil and what their benefits are.
What is the biochemical composition of hibiscus oil?
- In short, hibiscus vegetable oil
- The biochemical composition of hibiscus vegetable oil
- Discover our botanical firming blend enriched with hibiscus vegetable oil
In short, hibiscus vegetable oil.
Thehibiscus is a perennial plant belonging to the Malvaceae family and can grow up to five metres high. Its cultivation dates back to ancient times. Back then, the Egyptians and Asians used its fruits for their nutritional benefits, while its colourful flowers were used as ornaments.
Hibiscus vegetable oil is found in various treatments intended for skin and hair care. It is generally obtained from a cold pressing of hibiscus seeds. From an organoleptic perspective, it is a golden yellow liquid, which penetrates the skin quite easily, and has a light and sweet scent with some vegetal notes.
The biochemical composition of hibiscus vegetable oil.
Thehibiscus vegetable oil boasts numerous properties, attributable to its composition rich in active ingredients with multiple virtues.
The hibiscus vegetable oil is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Hibiscus oil is composed of approximately 40% polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as linoleic acid. This essential fatty acid belongs to the omega-6 family and cannot be synthesised by the body. From an epidermal perspective, linoleic acid indirectly contributes to the formation of the skin barrier by triggering a cascade of biochemical reactions that ultimately lead to the stimulation of cellular renewal.
It also plays a part in the synthesis process of ceramides, lipids naturally present in the skin, ensuring good cohesion between the cells of the epidermis. They play a significant role in protecting the skin from external aggressions and dehydration.
A deficiency in linoleic acid leads to the weakening of the epidermal barrier and an increase in insensible water loss (IWL). The skin then becomes drier, rougher and more prone to irritations. The loss of skin hydration also promotes the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, making them more visible.
The hibiscus vegetable oil contains monounsaturated fatty acids.
Hibiscus oil also contains monounsaturated fatty acids, such as oleic acid, at approximately 20%. Belonging to the omega-9 family, it can be synthesised by the body from other fatty acids. Oleic acid is naturally present in the hydrolipidic film of the skin. This acts as a shield to keep the skin hydrated and protect it from external aggressions. This fatty acid thus has beneficial properties for skin protection, as it helps to strengthen the hydrolipidic film.
The hibiscus vegetable oil is concentrated in saturated fatty acids.
Certain saturated fatty acids, such as stearic acid and palmitic acid, also make up the composition of hibiscus vegetable oil, at around 20%. They give it a creamy texture and, their structure being very similar to that of the compounds of the epidermis, they increase its ability to penetrate the skin, giving it a dry touch.
Hibiscus oil, an extract containing a high quantity of tocopherols (Vitamin E).
The tocopherols (vitamin E) are natural antioxidants. They protect skin cells from free radicals, reactive oxygen species responsible for premature skin ageing. In the case of hibiscus vegetable oil, tocopherols work by transforming hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂), which causes damage to DNA and proteins, into water (H₂O). These active ingredients thus serve as excellent allies to prevent the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. Furthermore, tocopherols help to limit the oxidation and rancidity of hibiscus oil, providing it with a better stability over time.
Phytosterols in hibiscus oil.
Finally, hibiscus oil contains phytosterols, compounds that contribute to maintaining the skin's barrier function and have soothing properties. These molecules also have an anti-inflammatory activity and regulate certain inflammation processes. However, the mechanism by which these molecules act has not yet been fully elucidated and further research is still required.
Discover our botanical firming blend enriched with hibiscus vegetable oil.
In order for you to reap the numerous benefits of hibiscus oil extract, we have incorporated it into the formula of one of our treatments. This is our botanical firming blend. Based on 7 botanical extracts, this serum tones and regenerates the skin overnight. Its formula, rich in firming active ingredients, allows it to reduce wrinkles and fine lines, while firming the skin. Suitable for all skin types, this night treatment does contain essential oils, and therefore should not be used by pregnant or breastfeeding women, nor by children under the age of 6.
HEINRICH M. & al. Hibiscus sabdariffa L. - a phytochemical and pharmacological review. Food Chemistry (2014).