New: A treatment designed for rosacea-prone skin

New: A treatment designed for rosacea-prone skin

By edit
Face care
Stage of skin ageing
Body and hair care
By concern
Skin diagnostic
Library
All Topics
Photothérapie UVB et psoriasis.

UVB Phototherapy for Alleviating Psoriasis

On the scalp, in the palm of the hands, on skin folds... psoriasis can manifest on various parts of the body. The level of pain or itching varies from person to person. To alleviate these dry and irritating patches, phototherapy may be prescribed. This treatment utilises ultraviolet rays to manage the disease and limit its effects. This article provides an overview of this technique.

Summary
Published February 19, 2024, by Manon, Scientific Editor — 3 min read

What is targeted UVB phototherapy?

Phototherapy, also known as light therapy, is a method of treating psoriasis through the projection of ultraviolet rays onto the affected area. The aim is to replicate the beneficial effects of the sun on psoriasis. Many types of phototherapy have been developed and used for the treatment of psoriasis over the past few decades.

We particularly find broadband ultraviolet B phototherapy or BB-UVB (290-320 nm), which was quickly replaced bynarrowband ultraviolet B phototherapy or NB-UVB (311 nm), deemed more effective. Finally, theexcimer laser at 308 nm was then invented in 1997 as a monochromatic UVB source.

NB-UVB and excimer laser are currently the first-line treatments used for managing stable plaque psoriasis. These techniques are also often recommended in the treatment of scalp psoriasis, as well as psoriasis on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.

When to follow a UVB phototherapy?

For some individuals, the application of an over-the-counter cream or a prescribed cream is sufficient to soothe discomfort and slow the development of patches. However, this is not the case for everyone. Therefore, if itching and flaking persist after your initial treatment, you may proceed to phototherapy, of course, based on the medical advice of your dermatologist.

UVB therapy is typically intended for lesions covering at least 10% of the body surface area. In certain specific cases, such as palmoplantar psoriasis which covers much less body surface area, it can also be treated with UV light. This type of treatment must be carried out under the supervision of a doctor. Even though the principle seems similar, phototherapy is different from tanning sessions carried out in salons. Due to its potential side effects (skin ageing, cancer or eye damage), medical supervision is mandatory.

How does UVB phototherapy take place?

UVB phototherapy can be carried out 2 to 3 times a week, with each session lasting a few minutes. It takes place in a dermatology clinic. Whether or not the individual responds to the treatment, the sessions cannot be extended or multiplied. Therefore, UVB phototherapy for controlling psoriasis is solely intended for adults due to the potential for adverse effects. To prevent UV overexposure, it is recommended to protect the skin between each session. To do this, opt for covering clothing, wear sunglasses, and use a sunscreen during your sun exposures.

Sources

ZANOLLI M. Phototherapy arsenal in the treatment of psoriasis. Dermatologic Clinics (2004).

ZHANG P. & al. A clinical review of phototherapy for psoriasis. Lasers in Medical Science (2018).

Diagnostic

Understand your skin
and its complex needs.

Go further: