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All you need to know about orange blossom hydrosol.

All you need to know about orange blossom hydrosol.

The bitter orange tree yields the orange blossom, renowned for its soothing, calming, and softening properties. Its hydrosol is obtained by steam distillation of dried flowers. This article provides key information about this cosmetic ingredient.

A bit of history.

The orange blossom grows on the Bitter Orange tree (or Bigaradier). The origin of this shrub is somewhat unclear, with some asserting it comes from India, while others believe it first sprouted on Chinese soil. It was following the Crusades, around the 11th century, that the Bitter Orange tree appeared around the Mediterranean (particularly in Andalusia). The orange blossom is also known as "neroli", in reference to the Princess of Neroli (an Italian town) who popularised its use in perfumery in the 16th century. This scent was indeed the favourite of King Louis XIV; it became a staple at court during his reign.

How is orange blossom hydrosol obtained?

The orange blossom hydrosol is obtained by hydrodistillation, also known as steam distillation. This technique allows for the extraction of two distinct fractions: the essential oil and the hydrosol.

Firstly, dried flowers are mixed with water in a still, then the mixture is heated. The steam is subsequently cooled in a condenser and collected in liquid form. The essential oil, less dense than the water used for extraction, floats on the surface. This water is none other than the hydrosol. Originating from the same plant, the two fractions have similar properties, but the hydrosol is less concentrated in active species because the aromatic essences are present in smaller quantities. Therefore, it can be used without contraindications by children and pregnant women, unlike the essential oil.

The benefits of orange blossom hydrosol in cosmetics.

Orange blossom hydrosol is rich in flavonoids. These molecules, belonging to the polyphenol family, endow it with a strong antioxidant activity. When applied to the skin, it combats free radicals and helps to restore the skin's radiance , illuminating the complexion. It is also recognised for its regenerative properties and aids in toning devitalised skin. It is particularly recommended for dull complexions, mature skin, and dry skin.

When applied to the hair, it soothes and purifies irritated scalps. In terms of nails, the orange blossom hydrosol reduces their discolouration and provides the necessary hydration to maintain their health.

floral and fresh fragrance , which imparts a pleasant scent to cosmetic formulations.

The contraindications.

The orange blossom hydrosol does not have any contraindications. Unlike its essential oil, it can be used by children as well as pregnant and breastfeeding women. However, to avoid the risk of allergies, consider doing a test in the crook of your elbow. If no adverse reaction occurs within the following 24 hours, you can apply the treatment in question to your face. Otherwise, it is better to avoid any skin application.

Typology's products based on orange blossom hydrosol.

The orange blossom hydrosol from Typology is obtained by distilling dried bitter orange flowers sourced from organic farming and harvested in Morocco. It is composed of 99% natural origin ingredients. It is suitable for all skin types, particularly for dull and devitalised skin. We recommend applying it to the entire face in the morning and/or evening, using a cotton pad or directly with your fingers, on clean skin, before the serum and/or face cream.

You can also enjoy the benefits of this hydrosol with ourmoisturising gelAloe vera & organic orange blossom for the face and body. It soothes the skin and deeply hydrates. We recommend applying a small amount to clean, dry skin and massaging until fully absorbed. Its melting and light texture penetrates quickly and leaves the skin soft and comfortable, without a sticky finish.

Sources:

  • FARAMARZI M. A. & al. GC/MS Analysis of Citrus aurantium L. hydrolate and its comparison with the commercial samples. International Journal of Production Research (2004).

  • HEO M. T. & al. Biological screening of 100 plant extracts for cosmetic use (II): anti-oxidative activity and free radical scavenging activity. International Journal of Cosmetic Science (2008).

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