Three products for a radiant, customizable tan — without UV rays

Three products for a radiant, customizable tan — without UV rays

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Quel type de savon choisir pour ne pas abîmer ses mains ?

Which type of soap should you choose to avoid damaging your hands?

Frequent hand washing is a crucial and effective preventative measure to avoid contamination. However, excessive washing can damage the hands, especially when the skin is sensitive. With all the soaps available on the market, it is therefore important to choose the right solution to keep your hands clean while avoiding irritation.

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How does soap remove microbes and dirt present on the hands?

Contrary to hydroalcoholic solution, soap allows us to rid ourselves of viruses and bacteria through a mechanical effect , rather than killing them. Indeed, soap is made up of long molecules, called surfactants, composed of a hydrophilic head that has a strong affinity with water and a hydrophobic tail that likes lipids (fatty substances). When washing hands with water and soap, the surfactant molecules attach themselves to the hydrolipidic film, a layer of fat that covers the epidermis, via the hydrophobic tail to avoid water and group together to form micelles. The dirt, dead cells, microbes and bacteria, present in the lipid layer, are then detached and eliminated during rinsing with water thanks to the hydrophilic part of the surfactants, attracted by the water molecules.

Furthermore, the surfactants contained in soap act on the envelope that surrounds viruses, which is formed of a lipid membrane also containing proteins and encapsulating the virus's genome. When soap is lathered, the tails of the soap molecules, which repel water, will attach to the lipid membrane of the viruses, causing their disorganisation. Indeed, the resultant forces exerted on the virus lead to the dismantling of the viral envelope. The virus is then broken down into different fragments that will become trapped in the micelles, before being washed away during rinsing. The virus is thus deprived of its ability to penetrate cells, thereby rendering it inactive.

Which soap should one choose to optimise hand washing without causing damage?

Regular hand washing with soap indeed reduces the risk of germ transmission, but it can also lead to certain discomforts: skin dryness, irritation, cracks, tightness, etc... It is important, right after washing when your hands are clean and dry, to apply a moisturising and nourishing balm to restore softness, hydration and flexibility to your hands.

It is also recommended to use a soap that will not strip the skin. To do this, opt for a cold-processed soap. Less harsh than traditional soaps and despite its alkaline pH, this type of cleansing care not only helps to restore the skin's protective film, but also to hydrate, soothe and soften the skin of the hands thanks to the ingredients it contains. Indeed, unlike traditional soaps, the glycerine obtained during the saponification reaction is retained. Present in large quantities, it has moisturising and protective properties. Moreover, these soaps preserve all the nourishing virtues of the vegetable oils used in their making. Thus, cold-processed soaps allow for effectively cleaning the skin of the hands gently, without causing harm.

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